A healthy ecosystem, whether it is a small decorative golf course pond or a large lake, is defendant on a balanced community of life living in harmony. From microscopic algae to plants, frogs, fish, salamanders, insects and birds, a healthy golf course pond is teeming with life and has a healthy food-chain and maintaining and encouraging this cycle is the key to keeping a golf course pond clear and clean. If the base nutrients, the microscopic beneficial bacteria, are not present in adequate numbers then the golf course pond can age and decline quicker than normal. There are cold water bacterial treatments designed for bottom muck and dry bacteria cultures designed to clear green water and help combat algae growth and when either of these problems are a concern then adding microbes into the golf course pond should not be ignored.
Because a golf course pond suffers from two basic types of aquatic pollution, soluble and insoluble, it is key to control these two forms as best as possible. The main soluble pollutants come from erosion and seepage that washes fertilizers, nitrogen and phosphorous into the pond. Aquatic plants will naturally convert via photosynthesis inorganic carbon dioxide into fully organic material. When these plants die they can contribute to the formation of sludge and golf course pond muck which can result in noxious elements like hydrogen sulfide and ammonia being released into the water; a danger to fish and other life. Low oxygen levels caused by these subtle changes causes sediment bound phosphorous to be released and these conditions will often lead to fish-kills and algae blooms. Large lakes with heavy loads of pollution and low oxygen levels are often plagued by regular blue green blooms of Cyanobacteria. The stresses caused by such problems can reduce fish growth and diminish the abundance of beneficial organisms and the results are often catastrophic as far as many golf course pond owners are concerned.
Proper design, proper maintenance and a constant appreciation and respect for the natural forces that exist in our golf ponds , whether man-made or existing is essential for forging a positive and healthy approach to golf course pond ownership. Understanding the relationship between living cells, oxygen, light and the positive energy that radiates in all of nature is crucial to understand that maintaining a healthy pond is much like nurturing a child or raising an animal; there are certain steps we must follow and certain traps to avoid in order to assure an outcome that can be appreciated for years.